The hydrocarbon generation history of the Middle Jurassic Lulita Field in the Søgne Basin in the northeastern part of the Danish Central Graben has been predicted by modelling the Lulita-1Xc well located on-structure and a pseudowell located in the kitchen area. The Lulita Field consists of east-dipping Middle–Upper Jurassic sediments in a structural trap. Waxy oil, sourced from Middle Jurassic coals and type III kerogen (and possibly type I kerogen) shales, occurs in Middle Jurassic sandstone reservoirs sealed by Upper Jurassic marine shales. Maturity modelling (vitrinite reflectance) was carried out by using the PresRo® kinetic model and a heat flow history calibrated from both the tectonic-subsidence history and maturity data. An effective oil window (‘oil expulsion window’) between 0.85% and 1.8%Ro for the Middle Jurassic coal and type III kerogen source rocks was applied. Timing for onset of oil generation differs between the Lulita-1Xc well and the pseudowell. The top of the source rocks becomes mature during the Late Cretaceous in the kitchen area and during the Oligocene in the Lulita-1Xc well. However, oil expulsion from the entire Middle Jurassic source rocks is modelled to have started from the Paleocene in the kitchen area and appears to have continued through to the present day. No, or little, expulsion is modelled in the Lulita-1Xc well, indicating that the Lulita Field was charged by updip migration of hydrocarbons from the Søgne Basin kitchen to the east. Hydrocarbon charging pre-dates the time of potential diagenetic modification of the reservoir, thus limiting reduction in reservoir porosity and permeability. Based on the known coal source rock volume and quality, calculated maximum generated and expelled hydrocarbons cannot account for the estimated in-place volumes of oil. The additional hydrocarbons were probably generated from coaly shales and shaly coals that form the lateral equivalent of the Middle Jurassic coals in the kitchen area, possibly with contributions from lacustrine to brackish type I kerogen shales.
- 2004 EAGE/Geological Society of London