The Heather oil field is located in the Northern North Sea and is operated by DNO Heather Limited. Oil is produced from sandstones of the Middle Jurassic Brent Group. Although approaching non-commercial flow rates, infill projects are under way which target unswept oil. At this late stage in field life, projects are typified by extracting as much new oil from the field as possible with minimal expenditure. These result in incomplete or degraded log data. This paper describes how the application of innovative techniques can replace data shortfalls, providing quality data without compromising budgetary constraints.
Four infill wells were drilled during 2000 and 2001. Innovative petrophysical techniques have been used to enhance the electric log data gathered. Fuzzy logic techniques have been applied to predict reservoir permeability and choose perforating intervals. Some sections of the highly deviated wells were necessarily logged in sliding mode and fuzzy logic was also used to repair the resulting degraded log curve data. Following the infill well programme, field production has increased from 5000 BBL oil per day (BOPD) to 7000 BOPD. This success was partly due to the better location of wells, particularly 2/5-H62Y, because of the improved reservoir model resulting from these petrophysical techniques.
The height above free-water level (HAFWL) was estimated across the Heather Field using the so-called FOIL function (bulk volume of water plotted as a function of HAFWL) ( Cuddy 1993). The FOIL function has given valuable insights into free-water level variation across the Heather Field and has improved water saturation modelling. A method is presented in this paper for geosteering using the FOIL function.